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Contender (shown with 10" .357 bbl.)
Length Overall Barrel Length Weight Caliber Action Type Magazine Capacity
Varies  8" - 16" Varies name one Single Shot S.A. 1
    This "pistol" is in a class by itself. Some consider this to be a short barreled rifle, even to the extent that in certain states it is illegal to own this gun in particular calibers. The pistol can be had in calibers ranging from .22 all the way up to some of the magnum rifle cartridges; in barrel lengths from 8" to 16". The most popular barrels tend to be the 45/.410 shotgun barrel, which is illegal in the peoples republic of california, and the magnum pistol barrels. It is amazing to me that such an innocuous arm can skirt so close to the edge of the law, but because of the way the law is written it does. This is not by any stretch a combat arm, and is the exact opposite of an assault rifle. This is strictly a hunting and target piece and has no other practical applications. The gun control act of 1934 makes it illegal to own a rifle with a barrel of less than 16", or a shotgun with a barrel of less then 18". It also makes the ownership of a rifle with the buttstock removed a crime, and it makes it illegal to own a shoulder stocked pistol. These laws are so arbitrary and stupid (neither quality being unusual in the field of firearms law), that it is difficult to see how they passed. There are rifle and pistol versions of this gun with barrels up to 21" in length. All of the parts interchange, and it is possible to have a pistol grip rifle with a 16" to 21" barrel, as well as a 10" barreled rifle with a full stock. Such mixing of components is illegal, the way the law now stands. It is a foolish set of laws, but the shooter who ignores them does so at his peril. It should also be noted that conviction of any of these offenses will make one a felon, and so unable to legally own any type of firearm for life. Forewarned is forearmed.
Where this gun is in it's element is with a stalking hunter who moves in close to his quarry, and considers the stalk to be the hunt. The gun is small, has but a single shot, and like all pistols, is much more difficult to shoot than a rifle. My particular model generally has a .45 L.C./ .410 shotgun barrel on it. For any one who has not fired a shotgun shell out of a pistol barrel, the experience is a bit intense. You load the gun by pulling back on the trigger guard which permits the barrel to be tipped up. After loading the single cartridge, the hammer is pulled back and the gun is fired. It is very common to see scopes on these guns in some of the rifle calibers for which they are chambered. A line of slings and specially made holsters are available, as well as barrels from custom manufacturers in a number of wildcat calibers. I presently have barrels in 45/410, .357 Magnum, .44 Magnum, .22lr, .223, and 30-30. I plan to get a barrel in .35 Remington to round things out. I am also considering purchasing a 45-70 barrel.
    The .357 barrel, and the .44 barrel, both have removable tips which act as chokes. They are also both ported, to reduce perceived recoil. The chokes have a special clover leaf pattern, which serves to straighten the path of the shot after it's travels through the rifled barrel. Both of these magnum pistol barrels are of the octagonal form, 10 inches long, and are quite handsome. The .410 shotgun barrel has an internal, screw in choke, and is 16 inches long, requiring the use of a different forend. The .223 barrel is 10 inches long, and is a bull barrel. The 30-30 barrel is also 10 inches long, with a bull barrel, as is the .22 barrel. The hammer is equipped for ignition of centerfire, or rimfire cartridges. This is set by pushing in on a little button, of to the right side of the hammer. The magnum pistol barrels are quite strong and handloaders can tailor some truly impressive loads for this gun; of course care needs to be exercised to prevent these loads from being used in less gifted guns. None of these barrels is topped by a scope, and it is unlikely I will ever so equip any of them. The barrels are easily changed by removing the screw(s) holding the forend to the barrel, and then sliding out the crosspin which holds the barrel to the frame. A different barrel is then set into the frame, the crosspin is slid back in, and the forend is replaced. The entire procedure takes a minute or two, and can be done out in the field.
    The standard gun is available in blue or stainless, and the barrels may be mixed on the frames. The exception to this is the now discontinued armalloy frames and barrels which must be modified somewhat to fit. There are also some problems with the use of some early barrels on some of the latter frames. The problem centers around the size of the pin holding the barrel in, which is fractionally larger on the newer frames. The frame can be modified, or the barrel mount can be reamed out. The standard, single screw, forearm is for use with barrels up to 10" long; there are separate models for standard, bull, and octagon barrels. A larger, two screw, forend is available for the 14" to 16" barrels. I own the traditional framed version, though a newer, improved version of the gun is now made. The newer model Thompson (the Encore) is of a different design, and the barrels will not interchange, and there is no practical modification to make them do so.
     There is a special feature to the 45 L.C. barrel, and to some of the magnum handgun caliber barrels. This is the removable choke. The feature was introduced on the octagon barrels, as a way to fire a newly introduced shot shell cartridge. These cartridges were called Hotshot shells, by Thompson, and were pistol cartridges, loaded with shot capsules. The thompson cartridges were not the first pistol rounds to be so designed; but there was a difference. A Hotshot capsule was quite a bit longer than an ordinary shot capsule, and took advantage of the Contender's single shot action, which allowed for the chambering of such long cartridges. These shells could not be used in ordinary handguns, because of their length. The Hotshot shell is no longer in production; but CCI and others, still manufacture pistol caliber shot she lls, though these are of normal size, and so hold a smaller shot charge than did the old Hotshot shells.
     The chokes actually perform a couple of functions. Though they do affect the size of the shot pattern, the main function is to counteract the effect of the barrel rifling. All of the Contender barrels are rifled. This is both to insure accuracy, when used with standard cartridges, and to conform to the law. The problem with this, when firing shot capsules, is that spinning a shot capsule will destroy any chance of having a decent shot pattern. So the chokes, of these barrels are fluted to channel the shot, and to prevent it from being spun out of the barrel.
     Needless to say, such a barrel is not suitable for the use of standard cartridges. To address this issue, allowing the use of standard cartridges, Thompson made these chokes removable. A small wrench, which looks a bit like a winding key to a clock, is included. The wrench fits into the flutes at the muzzle end of the choke, and is used to unscrew it from the barrel. In addition to the screw in chokes, the old octagon barrels also have gas ports at the muzzle, to aid in recoil management.
     Other than the "fun" factor, there is not much to recommend the use of shot shells in handguns. The amount of shot held in a standard sized pistol cartridge is too small to really be of much use, except at very short range. The Hotshot capsules partially remedied this. With their extra long shot capsules, they could be pretty close to the 410 shotshell in power and shot capacity; but they are no longer made, and were only usable in the Contender. This brings us to the use of an actual shot shell, the 410, in a handgun. This is a whole different story. Unlike the old Hotshot shells, the 410 is a standard gauge shell, widely produced, widely available, and inexpensive.
     For years, the Contender was the only handgun so chambered. Handguns chambered to fire shotgun shells have been illegal, since 1934. The unconstitutional NFA, which was forced through by fdr, made it illegal to possess a shotgun with a barrel of less than 18 inches. It also outlawed any rifled arms with a bore of over half an inch. This barrel took advantage of two holes in the law. it turns out that the 45 L.C. cartridge is dimensionally about the same, except for length, as the 410 shot shell. Thus an extended 45 L.C. chamber will hold a 410 shotshell. The barrel is rifled, so that it does not fall under the restrictions over smooth bores, and the bore, at 45, is less than a half inch, so it does not exceed the legally imposed limit on rifled arms. Even so, this barrel, as well as the Hotshot barrels in pistol calibers, are not permitted in the people's republic of california. Back in the nineties, a law was proposed to permit use of the Hotshot barrels (though not of the 410 barrel) in california; but it was vetoed by what then passed for the governor of the state. As of this date, you can not buy a barrel, in a normal handgun caliber, which has a choke.
     In recent years, the Contender, having set the precedent, has been joined by a few other handguns, chambered for the 410. The first was a little double derringer, made initially by Cobray; but eventually produced in kit form, and by several manufacturers. There was also a high quality derringer made by Bond Arms, and probably some others. Then there was the Thunder Five, which was a semi custom, five shot revolver. Most recently, there was the introduction of a five shot 410 revolver, by Taurus, based upon a stretched version of their standard double action revolver frame. Further production of all of these arms, is endangered by a proposal from the democrats, to outlaw, what they are calling "Hand held shotguns". This may negatively impact the Contender, in several ways. Should this initiative succeed, there may then be a call to ban hand held rifles, and we will see the end to the long range hunting pistols, such as the Contenders chambered for rifle cartridges. Time will tell.
    Political, and legal arguments aside, this is the most accurate long range handgun in the world. Of course this point is open to argument from those who consider the Contender to be more akin to a rifle than a pistol. Even among these people, however, there is no argument that there is not a  pistol made, that is capable of  out shooting a Thompson Contender, particularly when topped by a barrel chambered for a rifle cartridge. The long range is a result of chambering these guns for rifle calibers, and using super strong barrels so that even in pistol chamberings, very potent loads may be used. The accuracy is the result of the heavy barrels, and also of the simple, strong action. These are single shot pistols with no recoiling, rotating, reciprocating, or sliding parts, once the arm is fired. The only parts to move during the firing of the weapon are the hammer and the firing pin. To top it all off, the trigger is superb, very light and crisp, with very little travel. The locking of the barrel/chamber with the frame of the gun is positive and secure. With the exception of it's lack of firepower (1 shot only), this is as near an ideal gun as I have ever seen. The single shot limitation has become a matter of pride to Contender enthusiasts. They consider themselves to be precision shooters, for whom the use of a single shot is not a handicap. ONE SHOT; ONE HIT.
Comparison of contender loads to those of standard arms

.357 Magnum .44 Magnum .45 Long Colt .223 Remington 30-30 Winchester
Standard Arm 548 fp 768 fp 431 fp 1290 fp (Rifle) 1672 fp (Rifle)
Contender 1110 fp 1540 fp 971 fp 922 fp 1468 fp
As can be seen from the chart, the combination of stronger chamber, hotter loads, and somewhat longer barrel gives the Contender quite an advantage over the standard pistol. Though it does not quite measure up to a full rifle, when firing rifle cartridges, it is not at a huge disadvantage, and is certainly an improvement over the use of a pistol cartridge for long range work.
Loading and firing
    The Contender, as a single shot firearm, has no magazine, or cylinder to load. A single round is loaded, by pulling back on the trigger guard, to break the action open.

The action is broken open, by pulling back on the trigger guard. You may have to pull back pretty hard, as the action can be quite stiff. It is best to keep one hand under the forend, to prevent the barrel from snapping down.

In similar fashion to that of a single or double barreled shotgun, once the action is open, the chamber is exposed for loading. A short ejector presents a fired round, if present,  for removal.

A single round is then loaded into the empty chamber. The action is then closed, until it clicks closed.

Once the action is closed, the external hammer will need to be cocked.

Changing the barrel
    Besides it's unarguable accuracy, and the unmatched strength of it's action, the Contender is prized for it's ability to be easily converted to fire a variety of cartridges, including a number of rifle rounds.

Turn the gun over, and remove the screw holding the wooden forearm on.

Remove the forearm. This will expose the barrel retention pin, which the forearm helps to keep in place.

Push out the pin, holding the barrel to the frame. If the barrel has not already been unlocked for loading, you may wish to do so now, to help ease the process.

Once the pin has been started, remove it completely from the frame.

The barrel may now be removed from the frame.

A view of the Contender frame, with the barrel removed.

Press the new barrel in place, so that the mounting holes on the barrel and frame match up.

Press the barrel retention pin through the frame and barrel .

Replace the forend, and the screw holding it in place. It may be easier to accomplish this, with the action broken open.
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